United Nations is no less than an angel for the Global Village. Firstly, the term United Nations was suggested by US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It was used in the Declaration of the UN. Which was signed in Washington, D.C., on 1 January 1942 during World War II. The building of the UN is a skyscraper in Manhattan New York City.
Wallace Harrison led the group of architects that designed and constructed the building in the International Style, comprising 39 above-ground stories. The site is free from the local regulations of New York City. The groundbreaking took place on September 14, 1948, and the project reached completion in June 1951.
Fifty countries signed the Charter of the UN on 26 June 1945, and an additional country, Poland, signed it on 15 October 1945. All 51 countries are the founding members of the UN.
Who received an invitation to the San Francisco Conference in 1945, where they adopted the United Nations Charter and Statute of the International Court of Justice? As of September 2022, there are currently 193 UN Member States. Each Member State has one seat in the UN General Assembly.
Blue Color of the United Nations
Blue color represents the sky and the sea both are open spaces also associated with freedom, imagination, inspiration, and inner peace. The Blue color also represents the meanings of wisdom, faith, loyalty, confidence, and stability. The “UN blue” color became an integral part of the visual identity of the Organization.
Blue asks for peace in war. The emblem of the UN consists of a map of the world and olive branches symbolize peace. The emblem and flag of the UN speak to the hopes and dreams of peace and unity for the people of the world.
Languages of the United Nations
The UN has declared Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish as its official languages, totaling six in number. For clear and concise communication on issues of global importance, it is necessary to make sure of the correct interpretation and translation of these languages.
The Purposes of the United Nations
The purpose of the United Nations is to keep international peace and security. Take measures to remove threats to the peace. Make adjustments and settlements of international disputes which might lead to war. Make sure friendly relations between the nations are based on respect.
Take appropriate measures to strengthen the peace of the Global Village. Develop international cooperation to resolve problems of social, economic, cultural, and humanitarian. Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for everyone without distinction as to sex, language, race, and religion.
Principles of the United Nations
The principles of the Organization are based on equality and sovereignty for all. Everyone will ensure to settle international disputes by peaceful means and not endanger the peace of the global village. No one threat or uses force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state.
Everyone shall assist the UN in any action it takes as per the Charter against aggression. Make sure the non-member states act as per UN guidelines and principles of international peace and security. United Nations does not intervene in matters which are within the domestic jurisdiction of the member state. (Ref: – https://www.un.org/en/about-us/un-charter)
The world without the United Nations
If we look at the world without the UN, we see hunger, pandemic diseases, wounded displaced peoples, and destruction, at large scales. Arrogant so-called leaders who are on standby to conquer the weaker and poorer Nations for their interests. No progress on global issues and future threats to the world. Lack of coordination between the nations leads to wars.
What The United Nations Doing
The UN performs its role to maintain International Peace and Security, protect Human Rights, deliver Humanitarian Aid, support Sustainable Development and Climate actions, and uphold International Laws.
United Nations ‘ Role In Ukraine-Russian War
UN General Assembly’s Humanitarian Resolution
The recent United Nations General Assembly session played a pivotal role in addressing the ongoing Ukraine war. The session witnessed the formation of a humanitarian resolution group that called for an immediate halt to hostilities in Ukraine. The central concern expressed during the session was the severe impact of the conflict on Ukrainian civilians, prompting a collective demand for Russia to withdraw its troops from the region.
Broad International Support
The resolution gained substantial support, with 140 nations casting their votes in favor. Notably, this support extended to Ukraine and its NATO allies, underscoring the broad international consensus on the need for an immediate cessation of hostilities.
Isolating Russia: The EU Ambassador’s Perspective
Olof Skoog, the EU Ambassador to the United Nations, highlighted the significance of this widespread support. He noted that it serves to isolate Russia when the international community unites in taking a stance for peace. The primary focus of the General Assembly’s appeal is directed at Russia, with the hope that they will heed the call to end the conflict.
Differing Opinions and China’s Concerns
In contrast, only four countries—North Korea, Belarus, Syria, and Eritrea—opposed the resolution, aligning themselves with Russia. However, 38 nations chose to abstain from the vote, including China. China’s concerns were related to certain elements in the draft resolution that they believed went beyond the scope of humanitarian efforts. China preferred an alternative resolution submitted by South Africa, which featured more moderate language and called for an immediate cessation of hostilities without singling out Russia.
South Africa’s Unvoted Resolution
South Africa’s resolution emphasized the urgency of ending the war and addressing the dire humanitarian situation in Ukraine. However, it was not put to a vote due to procedural objections raised by Ukraine. The Ukrainian Ambassador, Sergiy Kyslytsya, emphasized that the resolution was unilaterally promoted by one country at the prompting of another and had not been developed through consultations with Ukraine.
Symbolic Importance of General Assembly Resolutions
It is crucial to note that resolutions passed in the General Assembly are legally non-binding but carry significant symbolic importance. Even nations that abstained from the vote expressed their deep concern about the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine. They argued that a resolution supported by all nations would be more effective, given the widespread belief that Russia bears ultimate responsibility for the crisis.
UN’s Role and the Urgency of a Peaceful Resolution
These developments at the United Nations underscore the international community’s grave concerns regarding the situation in Ukraine and emphasize the urgent need for a peaceful resolution to the conflict. The role of the UN, as demonstrated in this session, is to serve as a platform for global consensus and to convey the pressing need for a cessation of hostilities and the protection of Ukrainian civilians.
Empowerment of the United Nations
During seventy-seven years UN has grown exponentially, designing & building organizations and agencies to improve most aspects of human existence. UN several times saved mankind from world wars. There are still lots to do.
We have to play the role of empowering the UN for the betterment of myself, for you, for our, and for mankind. The UN is an angel of peace for the Global Village.